13504

Id:13504

Sampson Vryling Stoddard Wilder
Vanderlyn, John
Fecha: 1808–12
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42.261049
-71.795654
42.261049
-71.795654

Sampson Vryling Stoddard Wilder
Vanderlyn, John
1796-1850
John Vanderlyn fue uno de los pintores históricos americanos principales de principios del siglo XIX, y con este trabajo, se convierte en el defensor más dedicado de la estética neoclásica en America. John Vanderlyn nació 15 de octubre 1775, en Kingston, el condado de Ulster, Nueva York. Después de completar sus estudios en la prestigiosa Academia Kingston se trasladó a la ciudad de Nueva York y trabajó en un suministro de arte y taller de grabado. Estudió arte en Alexander y Colombina Academia de Pintura de Archibald Robinson. Vanderlyn pronto atrajo la atención de Aaron Burr, quien le proporcionó apoyo financiero y patrocinio para los próximos veinte años. Vanderlyn regresó a los Estados Unidos en 1800, donde realizó bocetos de las Cataratas del Niágara para una serie de grabados, y practicó el retrato en Nueva York y Washington. En 1803 regresó a París con el fin de adquirir moldes de estatuas antiguas de la Academia Americana de nueva creación de Bellas Artes. Vanderlyn se vio obligado a pintar retratos con el fin de ganarse la vida, y muchas de estas últimas obras son de muy mala calidad. Poco antes de su muerte, intentó sin éxito persuadir al Senado para establecer una galería de arte y la escuela nacional. Murió el 23 de diciembre de 1852, a la edad de setenta y siete años en Kingston. Vanderlyn era un defensor del estilo neoclásico francés y después de haber agotado su popularidad. Las figuras de sus temas históricos y narrativas más importantes se derivaron de la estatuaria clásica.
No
01 Óleo sobre tela
www.worcesterart.org/

Worcester Art Museum
United States
Worcester
United States
Worcester
Local

Retrato
Retrato masculino
Europeos y criollos
Laicos
Documento

Description: Sampson Vryling Stoddard Wilder is a half-length portrait of a seated man, turned three-quarters left and looking forward. He has curly brown hair and slightly tufted sideburns that extend to his jawline. His eyes are blue. The face and hands are painted in a range of red and pink flesh tones, with the strongest reds on the cheeks. Wilder wears a dark green coat over a white waistcoat, stock, and shirt. The shirt has a ruffled front and is decorated with a gold-colored pin that has a white, pearl-like head. The lapels of the coat are a slightly warmer green than the rest of the coat and have a texture that suggests velvet. The sitter’s pants are painted ocher. The figure sits in a Greek Revival chair with an elongated S-shaped contour that runs from the back rest to the hand rest. The chair has a distinctive barrel-shaped back and scroll handholds. Wilder’s proper left arm is in a relaxed position and conforms to the gentle curves of the chair. His right arms rests on a portable, wooden desk at the left side of the painting. The lid of the desk is open and its green cloth-lined surface is covered with documents. The edge of the desk is trimmed with yellow metal, probably brass; there are hinges and L-shaped brackets at the corners of the desk lid that also appear to be brass. A glass inkwell sits on the back right corner of the desk, just behind a bundle of papers. A quill pen lies across an open letter that is signed, "S. Higginson Jr." The paper closest to Wilder’s right hand, which had been folded in thirds and is now partially open forms a triangle; the surface of the letter that faces the viewer gives the name and address of the sitter. The background at left is occupied by a red fringed drapery that has been tied back, and from which a red tassel hangs. The wall behind the sitter is olive green and is lightest at the center of the painting, behind the figure. The wall is slightly darker at the right side of the composition, and the drapery casts a dark shadow to its right. A gray chair rail runs horizontally, just below the center right part of the composition. The wall is grayish purple below the rail. At bottom right are two books. The larger book is bound in brown leather with a red title panel on the spine; that book is clearly identified with a title inscription painted in yellow to suggest gold lettering: "LEX MERCATOR." To the left of that book is a smaller one, which is bound in a blue cover. The title of that book is not identified. Vanderlyn painted a strong light on the sitter’s face, white textiles, and hands. A softer light falls on the still life of papers, drapery, and chair. Together with the smooth brushstrokes, the light gives the figure a sculptural presence, rather than a warm human quality.

Cortinaje
Hombre
Mesa
Retrato
Sillas
Telas
Terrestre / Interior casa-habitación
Retrato secular y religioso
Sin donante
Ninguna
Imagen al natural
Cortinas
Hoja de papel
Mano
Manos
Mesa
Tela roja
Telas
Edad: adolescencia-Juventud
Escena: simple
Género masculino
Personaje individual
Personajes: Profanos


La cultura barroca es gestual. El gesto complementaba la comunicación visual con gestos de oralidad, de modo que las pinturas “hablaban”. La siguiente información trata de reconstruir la cultura gestual quirológica y quironómica a partir de los tratados y de las frecuencias gestuales en la pintura colonial.

3434 jos%c3%83%c2%a9 joaqu%c3%83%c2%adn mag%c3%83%c2%b3n  de espa%c3%83%c2%b1ol y castiza  nace espa%c3%83%c2%b1ola 02 Posición: Sentado
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